After about a year of living in the streets of Cleveland, James Harrison checked into a hotel this summer that is part of a city program to protect high-risk homeless people during the pandemic.
So when when volunteers held a voter registration drive at the motel, Harrison decided to fill out a form and register.
"My vote counts, you know what I'm saying?" Harrison said. "I ain't ever voted. This will be my first time to vote."
In this year's election, many people are getting ballots mailed to them at home. But not having an address can be an insurmountable barrier for homeless voters like Harrison.
He has had issues with his health for years and is recovering from surgery. So he can't make it to a polling station, nor can he write well enough to fill out a mail-in ballot. He says he's not the only one at his motel in that situation.
"You've got quite a few people in here that's handicapped, like myself, and it's going to be difficult for us," Harrison said in a phone interview.
Harrison is one of around 150 people in Cleveland who will now be able to vote thanks to registration drives here aimed at making sure the democratic process is accessible to everyone, regardless of housing status.
The Northeast Ohio Coalition for the Homeless is coordinating an effort to let homeless people use the addresses of local shelters and churches to register and receive ballots.
It's a two-step process, says coalition spokesperson Molly Martin.
"In order to even get a ballot to send by mail, people need to send in that ballot application" which they receive by mail, Martin said. "We've tried to streamline the process."
Voting by mail is a better option for many people experiencing homelessness because it allows them to circumvent requirements for government documents or the need to find transportation to a polling place, says Karen Leith with League of Women Voters of Hudson in Ohio. The organization is working with about 35 local nonprofits and county agencies to register people experiencing homelessness. Those efforts required educating both the volunteers and the community on the options available, she says.
Many states, including Ohio, require government identification for in-person voting, Leith says, and not all homeless people have something that qualifies. Leith says voter guides distributed by her organization recommend using the last four digits of a Social Security number as identification.
In Ohio, there have been legal battles over placement of drop boxes and the circumstances under which poll workers can collect ballots.
And Martin says even after ballots are filled out, organizations like hers cannot collect or deliver them to a drop box or polling place because that could be considered ballot harvesting.
What her volunteers can do is arrange transportation for homeless voters. The coalition is also supplying donated postage.
Harrison is touched by those efforts. He says he feels gun violence in Cleveland has gotten so bad and health care so hard to obtain he wants to have some kind of influence with the people who make the policies.
"Now, I feel like, is the time for me to go in and voice my opinion," Harrison says. "But I do need a little help."
MARY LOUISE KELLY, HOST:
The lack of a permanent address prevents many homeless people from registering to vote. In Cleveland, Ohio, churches and shelters have offered to receive mail-in ballots as part of a homeless registration drive. Taylor Haggerty from member station WCPN in Cleveland reports.
TAYLOR HAGGERTY, BYLINE: Here in Cleveland, homeless shelters have relocated people at high risk for coronavirus to motels in an effort to protect them and the people at the shelters.
James Harrison has been homeless for about a year, and he's now happy to have his very own room.
JAMES HARRISON: It's a nice motel, very nice motel.
HAGGERTY: He's had issues with his health for years and is recovering from surgery. He can't make it to a polling station, nor can he write well enough to fill out a mail-in ballot. He says he's not the only one at his motel in that situation.
HARRISON: You got quite a few people here that's handicapped like myself, and it's going to be difficult for us.
HAGGERTY: Harrison says he feels gun violence in Cleveland has gotten so bad and health care so hard to obtain, he wants to have some kind of influence with the people who make the policies.
HARRISON: My vote counts. You know what I'm saying? And I ain't voted since I was able to vote. I ain't never voted. This would be my first time voting.
HAGGERTY: One problem many people who are homeless have in voting is they don't have an address to receive absentee ballots. But Harrison is one of around 150 people who will now be able to vote thanks to a registration drive aimed at giving homeless people a voice. The Northeast Ohio Coalition for the Homeless is coordinating an effort to let homeless people use the addresses of local shelters and churches to register and receive ballots. Coalition spokesperson Molly Martin says it's a two-step process.
MOLLY MARTIN: In order to even get a ballot sent by mail, people have to send in that ballot application. So we tried to streamline the process.
HAGGERTY: Once the ballots are filled out, Martin says her organization cannot legally collect or deliver them to a drop box or polling place.
MARTIN: It is a really big barrier for people who are in shelter or in a hotel who aren't really leaving very frequently.
HAGGERTY: In Ohio, there have been legal battles over placement of drop boxes and the circumstances under which poll workers can collect ballots. It's tricky for the coalition to navigate because they want to follow all the rules. Martin says volunteers are arranging transportation for homeless voters, and her coalition is supplying donated postage to ease the balloting process. As for James Harrison, he's touched by those efforts.
HARRISON: Now, I feel like, is the time for me to go in there and voice my opinion. But I do need a little help (laughter).
HAGGERTY: That little help goes a long way, homeless advocates say, to making sure the democratic process is accessible to everyone.
For NPR News, I'm Taylor Haggerty in Cleveland.
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