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Biden Repeals Trump-Era Ban On Transgender Troops

President Biden signs an executive order Monday reversing a Trump-era ban on transgender people serving in the military.
Jim Watson
AFP via Getty Images
President Biden signs an executive order Monday reversing a Trump-era ban on transgender people serving in the military.

Updated at 2:15 p.m. ET

President Biden on Monday repealed a controversial Trump-era ban on transgender people serving in the U.S. military.

Biden signed an executive order on the issue as he met in the Oval Office with new Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin, Chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Mark Milley and Vice President Harris.

Speaking briefly to reporters, Biden said the order will allow all "qualified Americans to serve their country in uniform."

In the text of the order, Biden adds: "It is my conviction as Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces that gender identity should not be a bar to military service. Moreover, there is substantial evidence that allowing transgender individuals to serve in the military does not have any meaningful negative impact on the Armed Forces."

Biden had campaigned on overturning former President Donald Trump's ban.

At his recent Senate confirmation hearing, Austin told lawmakers he supported the move. "If you're fit and you're qualified to serve, and you can maintain the standards, you should be allowed to serve," he said.

Trump initially ordered a ban on transgender troops in a series of tweets in July 2017.

"After consultation with my generals and military experts, please be advised that the United States government will not accept or allow transgender individuals to serve in any capacity in the U.S. military," Trump wrote on the online platform he has since been banned from.

Despite that claim, the announcement caught then-Defense Secretary James Mattis and the rest of Pentagon leadership by surprise.

A month later, Trump made the order official in a presidential memo, though the ban was then blocked by federal courts before the U.S. Supreme Court finally allowed it to go forward in early 2019.

The executive order Biden signed Monday will take several steps:

  • It fully repeals the two different orders Trump signed barring transgender individuals from military service;
  • it immediately bars servicemembers from being discharged or denied reenlistment for their gender identity;
  • it directs the Department of Defense to correct the record of anyone dismissed from service for their gender identify;   
  • and it orders both the secretary of defense and the secretary of homeland security to begin the process of allowing transgender servicemembers to serve openly.
  • Biden is also asking for a progress report from both departments within 60 days.

    The civil rights organization the Human Rights Campaign applauded Biden's move.

    "For years, transgender patriots were forced to continue to hide their identity while serving in our military. But today ... they may live and serve openly as themselves," the group's president, Alphonso David, said in a statement. "The greatest military in the world will again value readiness over bias, and qualifications over discrimination."

    Copyright 2021 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

    Scott Detrow is a White House correspondent for NPR and co-hosts the NPR Politics Podcast.